Machiavelli asserts that the greatest virtue of the French kingdom and its king is the dedication sicuro law

24 abril, 2023

Machiavelli asserts that the greatest virtue of the French kingdom and its king is the dedication sicuro law

The answer stems from Machiavelli’s aim onesto contrast the best case ambiente of verso monarchic velocita with the institutions and organization of verso republic

Why would Machiavelli effusively praise (let ombra even analyze) per hereditary monarchy con per rete informatica supposedly designed sicuro promote the superiority of republics? Even the most excellent monarchy, in Machiavelli’s view, lacks un salient qualities that are endemic to properly constituted republican government and that make the latter constitution more desirable than the former.

“The kingdom of France is moderated more by laws than any other kingdom of which at our time we have knowledge”, Machiavelli declares (Discourses CW 314, translation revised). “The kingdom of France”, he states,

lives under laws and orders more than any other kingdom. These laws and orders are maintained by Parlements, notably that of Paris: by it they are renewed any time it acts against per prince of the kingdom or in its sentences condemns the king. And up puro now it has maintained itself by having been per persistent executor against that nobility. (Discourses CW 422, translation revised)

These passages of the Discourses seem onesto suggest that Machiavelli has great admiration for the institutional arrangements that obtain durante France. Specifically, the French king and the nobles, whose power is such that they would be able to oppress the populace, are checked by the laws of the realm which are enforced by the independent authority of the Parlement. Thus, opportunities for unbridled tyrannical conduct are largely eliminated, rendering the monarchy temperate and “civil”.

Yet such verso regime, per niente matter how well ordered and law-abiding, remains incompatible with trovarsi sciolto. Discussing the ability of per monarch sicuro meet the people’s wish for liberty, Machiavelli comments that

as far as the … popular desire of recovering their liberty, the prince, not being able preciso satisfy them, must examine what the reasons are that make them desire being free. (Discourses CW 237).

The explanation for this situation Machiavelli refers esatto the function of the Parlement

He concludes that verso few individuals want freedom simply con order onesto command others; these, he believes asiame sito di incontri, are of sufficiently small number that they can either be eradicated or bought off with honors. By contrast, the vast majority of people confuse liberty with security, imagining that the former is identical esatto the latter: “But all the others, who are infinite, desire liberty in order sicuro live securely (esistere sicuro)” (Discourses CW 237. Although the king cannot give such liberty preciso the masses, he can provide the security that they crave:

As for the rest, for whom it is enough puro live securely (esserci convinto), they are easily satisfied by making orders and laws that, along with the power of the king, comprehend everyone’s security. And once verso prince does this, and the people see that he never breaks such laws, they will shortly begin preciso live securely (esserci convinto) and contentedly (Discourses CW 237).

the people live securely (trovarsi consapevole) for no other reason than that its kings are bound to infinite laws sopra which the security of all their people is comprehended. (Discourses CW 237)

The law-abiding character of the French andamento ensures security, but that security, while desirable, ought never sicuro be confused with liberty. This is the limit of monarchic rule: even the best kingdom can do in nessun caso better than sicuro guarantee sicuro its people tranquil and orderly government.

Machiavelli holds that one of the consequences of such vivere certo is the disarmament of the people. He comments that regardless of “how great his kingdom is”, the king of France “lives as per tributary” esatto foreign mercenaries.

Recibí las novedades del Centro Comercial